سه شنبه 11 آبان 1389

FLOPPY DISK DRIVE

   نوشته شده توسط: داریوش زمانی    

در این مقاله شما با ساختمان فلاپی دیسکتها بیتشرآشنا می شوید. راستی آن سالها فلاپی دیسکتهای تری ام 3M و ماکسل و ورباتین بیتشر استفاده میشد و در مقاله های بعدی در مورد فلاپی دیسک درایو صحبت می کنم .

راستی شما میدانید روش درست وراد کردن فلاپی در فلاپی دیسک درایو چگونه است


A reusable magnetic storage medium introduced by IBM in 1971. It was called a floppy because the first varieties were housed in bendable jackets. Woefully undersized for today's use, it is no longer standard equipment on computers. However, until the early 1990s, the floppy was the primary method for distributing software and was widely used for backup. By the mid-1990s, it had mostly given way to the CD-ROM.

A Circle of Double-Sided Magnetic Tape
Also called a "diskette," the floppy is a flexible circle of magnetic material similar to magnetic tape, except that both sides are used. The drive grabs the floppy's center and spins it inside its housing. The read/write head contacts the surface through an opening in the plastic shell or envelope. Floppies rotate at 300 RPM, which is from 10 to 30 times slower than a hard disk. They are also at rest until a data transfer is requested. Following are the three types developed, from newest to oldest, and their raw, uncompressed storage capacity.

                 Final
                 Storage
 Housing         Capacity   Capacity Range  Creator

 3.5" rigid      1.44MB     400KB - 1.44MB  Sony
 3.5" rigid      2.88MB     (See ED.)       IBM
 5.25" flexible  1.2MB      100KB - 1.2MB   Shugart
 8" flexible     500KB      100 - 500KB     IBM


Although floppy disks look the same, what is recorded on them determines their capacity and compatibility. Every new floppy must be "formatted," which records the sectors on the disk that hold the data. See format program, magnetic disk and high-capacity floppy.


FLOPPY.GIF


Floppy Formats

Although ubiquitous in their heyday, the 5.25" diskette was surpassed by the 3.5" disk in the 1980s, which gave way to the CD-ROM in the 1990s.




FLOPPY35.GIF


Anatomy of a Floppy

There is quite a bit inside a floppy disk considering they can be purchased for less than a quarter.





_KAYPRO.JPG


A Floppy-Based Computer

Floppy-based computers such as this Kaypro portable were the rage in the late 1970s and early 1980s. You typically booted the computer with the operating system in the first drive and saved your data on the floppy in the


شبکه اجتماعی فارسی کلوب | Buy Mobile Traffic | سایت سوالات